Penal Colony, a settlement to which convicts are banished or in which they are confined. In the late 18th and the early 19th century, Great Britain transported thousands of convicts to many settlements in Australia. Norfolk Island in the South Pacific was another British penal colony. Devil's Island off French Guiana, South America, was a French penal colony until after World War II. France also used the South Pacific island of New Caledonia for this purpose from 1863 to 1897. Portugal formerly sent convicts to Angola in Africa. In Russia both the czarist regime and the Communists have had penal settlements in Siberia.
The United States is renowned for having one of the most sophisticated judicial systems in the world. Every day thousands of people take part in this system, hoping to settle disputes and work for justice. Learn how the U.S. judicial system works.
Riots may garner attention for people who feel frustrated and oppressed, but are they really effective? Here, we'll examine how riots work.