Penal Colony, a settlement to which convicts are banished or in which they are confined. In the late 18th and the early 19th century, Great Britain transported thousands of convicts to many settlements in Australia. Norfolk Island in the South Pacific was another British penal colony. Devil's Island off French Guiana, South America, was a French penal colony until after World War II. France also used the South Pacific island of New Caledonia for this purpose from 1863 to 1897. Portugal formerly sent convicts to Angola in Africa. In Russia both the czarist regime and the Communists have had penal settlements in Siberia.
Learn all about how the Mafia is structured, how it operates, how it formed, how it has evolved and which law-enforcement methods have been effective against this type of organized crime.
Police sketches may be a routine part of law enforcement investigations, but they've been key to solving some extraordinary cases. How do forensic artists create these renderings, and how reliable are they, really? Find out in How Police Sketches Work.