Arraignment, the calling of a person before a court of law to answer a criminal charge. The charge is read and the person accused is requested by the judge to plead guilty or not guilty. In the United States, no person can be brought to trial unless he or she is first arraigned. Arraignment is designed to prevent the injustice of bringing an accused person to trial without previously informing him of the nature and cause of the charges against him.
Standard training at your neighborhood police academy: Spritz each recruit in the face with pepper spray. Think you can take it? Maybe you're cut out for the force.
In the starkest terms, abuse and addiction cost money. It's expensive to treat and rehabilitate addicts, and it's costly to help the children affected. So, why have efforts to sterilize addicts come under fire?