It has become a common political observation that the next presidential election will be the "most expensive in history." But the 2012 election is different. The introduction of Super PACs into the contest for the White House all-but assures it will be the most expensive, if for no other reason that Super PACs allow corporations, unions and individuals to write very big checks to support a candidate.
"Super PACs allow donors who have already maxed out to their preferred candidate to make unlimited contributions to groups designed to aid that candidate's electoral prospects," says Michael Beckel of the Center for Responsive Politics. "Wealthy candidates don't have to sit on their hands after they've maxed out to a candidate; now they can open their checkbook for Super PACs."
Beckel also speculates that Super PACs may contribute to a coarsening of an already hyper-negative political process. After all, coordination between Super PACs and candidates is prohibited and if a candidate doesn't like what the Super PAC is saying, there isn't anything they can do to stop it. "[A Super PAC] may opt to take an even more negative tone than a candidate would choose to take," Beckel says. "They have the ability to say pretty much whatever they want, whenever they want, no matter how partisan or scathing."
In the race for the 2012 Republican presidential nomination, Super PACs generated controversy. In August 2011, news broke that a company -- W Spann LLC -- that contributed $1 million to the Restore Our Future Super PAC, which supported former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney's bid for the nomination, was dissolved soon after it was created, leading to allegations that the company was just a shell to cover the identities of donors [source: Isikoff]. Lawsuits and negative media coverage eventually led one individual, Ed Conrad, a former executive at the investment company Romney founded, to step forward and ask the FEC to amend its public disclosure reports to show him as the donor, not the company [source: Isikoff].
While it seems almost certain that Super PACs will not only lead to more controversy and a ceaseless stream of political advertisements, with Stephen Colbert in the mix, at least there should also be a few laughs.
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- Barker, Kim and Wang, Marian. "Super PACs and Dark Money: ProPublica's guide to the new world of campaign finance." ProPublica. July 11, 2011. (Sept. 6, 2011). http://www.propublica.org/blog/item/super-pacs-propublicas-guide-to-the-new-world-of-campaign-finance
- Barnes, Robert. "Hillary: The Movie to Get Supreme Court Screening." The Washington Post. March 15, 2009. (Sept. 13, 2011). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/14/AR2009031401603_pf.html
- Beckel, Michael. Spokesman for Center for Responsive Politics. Personal correspondence. Aug. 30, 2011.
- Center for Responsive Politics. "2012 Overview: Campaign contribution limits." (Aug. 30, 2011). http://www.opensecrets.org/overview/limits.php
- Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission. No. 08–205. Supreme Court of the U.S. Jan. 21, 2010. http://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/09pdf/08-205.pdf
- Colbert, Stephen. @StephenatHome. Twitter.com. June 30, 2011 http://twitter.com/#!/StephenAtHome/status/86281667404251137
- Cordes, Nancy. "Colbert gets a Super PAC; So what are they?" CBS News. June 30, 2011. (Sept. 5, 2011). http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/06/30/eveningnews/main20075941.shtml
- Eggen, Dan and Farnam, TW. "New Super PACs bringing millions into campaigns." The Washington Post. Sept. 28, 2010. (Sept. 5, 2011). http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2010/09/27/AR2010092706500.html
- Federal Election Commission official web site. "FEC approves two advisory opinions on independent expenditure-only political committees." July 22, 2010. (Sept. 5, 2011). http://www.fec.gov/press/press2010/20100722OpenMtng.shtml
- Grier, Peter. "In time for election 2012, a Stephen Colbert super PAC. What is that?" July 1, 2011. (Sept. 5, 2011). http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Politics/DC-Decoder/2011/0701/In-time-for-Election-2012-a-Stephen-Colbert-super-PAC.-What-is-that
- Isikoff, Michael. "Firm gives $1 million to pro-Romney group, then dissolves." MSNBC. Aug. 4, 2011. (Sept. 6, 2011). http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/44011308/ns/politics-decision_2012/t/firm-gives-million-pro-romney-group-then-dissolves/
- Liptak, Adam. "Justices, 5-4, reject corporate spending limit." The New York Times. Jan. 21, 2010. (Sept. 7, 2011). http://www.nytimes.com/2010/01/22/us/politics/22scotus.html
- Liptak, Adam. "Supreme Court to Revisit Hillary Documentary." The New York Times. Aug. 29, 2009. (Sept. 13, 2011). http://www.nytimes.com/2009/08/30/us/30scotus.html