Where did Krampus come from?

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Author's Note: Krampus

I gravitate towards Krampus for the same reason lots of other people do. As our Western, commercialized holiday season spirals out of control and countless advertisements project expectations of mandatory seasonal bliss, some of us pine for a dark savior — a symbol to balance out all that forced Christmas cheer with a little apocalyptic dread. Sure, the horned one grows a little more popular each year, carving an ever-larger pop-cultural niche. But, as this article explores, you can't quite nail old Krampus down. He's wild, uncultured, inherently antiestablishment and always injects some much needed madness into our holiday celebrations.

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  • "Andrewsarchus." BBC Nature. 2015. (Dec. 4, 2015) http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/life/Andrewsarchus
  • Bruce, Maurice. "The Krampus in Styria." Folklore. 1958 (Dec. 4, 2015)http://www.tandfonlie.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0015587X.1958.9717121?journalCode=rfol20
  • Eckardt, Andy. "Austrian Villagers to Refugees: Please Don't Fear Krampus." NBC News. Dec. 1, 2015. (Dec. 4, 2015)http://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/austrian-villager-refugees-please-dont-fear-krampus-n471906
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  • "KRAMPUS DISLIKED IN FASCIST AUSTRIA; Genial Black and Red Devil, Symbol of Christmas Fun, Is Frowned Upon." The New York Times. Dec. 23, 1934. (Dec. 4, 2015)http://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=9E03EED7103EE53ABC4B51DFB467838F629EDE
  • "Perchtenläufe: Salzburg′s Pagan Heritage." Visit-Salzburg.net. (Dec. 4, 2015)http://www.visit-salzburg.net/travel/perchten.htm
  • Zawadil, Alexandra. "Santa's evil sidekick gives jolly fright to kids." Reuters News.Dec. 6, 2006. (Dec. 4, 2015) http://uk.reuters.com/article/2006/12/07/lifestyle-austria-christmas-devil-dc-idUKL0438534320061207

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