The Law of Attraction: Will the Universe Give You What You Want?

Woman standing on jetty and watching sunrise by the lake.
The law of attraction says that your thoughts determine whether you attract positive experiences or negative experiences into your life. Believers say you can use this "universal law" to manifest love, get better health and lose weight, among other benefits. Borut Trdina/Getty Images

"While visiting Arizona, each time I drove by a housing development I would say 'I want to live in there or that is where I want to live!'" says author and life coach Christy Whitman. "So we started to look on the internet while living in Montreal for a winter home to buy in Arizona... We saw this house [in a gated community] on the internet, I had my friend who is my Realtor go see it and FaceTime with us, and we made an offer. As I drove up to the development to see the house while I was in town before we closed, it was the exact same gate, exact same street and the exact same side of the development that I had been saying I wanted to live in."

Whitman cites this as an example of the law of attraction (LOA) in action. Simply put, this "law" states that like attracts like — positive attracts positive and negative attracts negative. Thinking that you're going to be rich — or are already rich — will engender more money coming your way. Worrying about how you'll pay your bills will just generate more bills and debts.


The law of attraction isn't just a pop culture trend proliferated by books like "Think and Grow Rich," by Napoleon Hill or "The Secret" by Rhonda Byrne. It has some historical basis in New Thought, a 19th-century metaphysical-religious movement in which people believed human thought, if properly channeled, could manifest amazing changes in followers' lives.

History of the Law of Attraction

New Thought was sparked in part by an inventor and spiritual counselor named Phineas Quimby, who was desperate to cure a serious bout of tuberculosis. When his doctor's prescriptions failed to cure the disease, he began exploring other options using his own observations.

Ultimately, Quimby believed that physical illnesses were manifestations of a flawed mind. By healing the mind, he said, one could also fix what ailed the body. He relied heavily on mesmerism (hypnotism) to correct improper thinking, and eventually did bounce back from tuberculosis without his doctor's guidance.


Throughout the late 1800s, the New Thought movement slowly arose in American culture. Their "mind cure" techniques gained popularity in some circles. By the early 20th century, the New Thought Alliance sought to bring some structure to the wide-ranging, diverse beliefs of the movement with a mission statement of sorts:

"To teach the Infinitude of the Supreme One; the Divinity of Man and his Infinite Possibilities through the creative power of constructive thinking and obedience to the voice of the indwelling Presence which is our source of Inspiration, Power, Health and Prosperity."

At the core of it all was a simple idea: that with the right guidance, the human mind can cause all sorts of positive (or negative) outcomes.

The LOA had been popular in New Age circles for decades but gained mainstream buzz in 2006, when Australian author Rhonda Byrne published a bestseller titled, "The Secret," (also made into a documentary film of the same name) in which she detailed ways that historical figures like Abraham Lincoln and Winston Churchill, among others, understood the law of attraction and actively put it to use in their lives.

But Byrne's "secret" is not really a secret. For centuries, both philosophers and con men have leveraged this "universal principle" and its ilk both to buoy the spirits of the downtrodden and in some cases bilk vulnerable targets out of their cash.


How the Law of Attraction Works

What we think about, says the law of attraction, we bring about. Christy Whitman notes in an email interview that the law of attraction is like a boomerang. "We are all energy beings that send out energy signals all day every day. We send these out through what we say, do, think, feel and believe. All energy carries a vibration and those vibrations are met with (matched by) other vibrations of the same nature and that is how we create or attract things in our lives." So, positive thoughts create positive energy.

Jack Canfield, the success coach who spawned the "Chicken Soup for the Soul" self-help empire, preaches the importance of energy vibrations. His website says, for example, "In order to receive that which you are intending, you must become a 'vibrational match' for what you want to attract into your life." Once you put in the practice, "you can begin to expect miracles."


Let's say you want more love in your life. Canfield advises you to become more loving and generous with yourself and others. "By creating the vibration of love, you will automatically draw more love into your life."

What if you want to attract money? Canfield suggests you envision checks coming in the mail. Also, "write yourself a check for the sum of money you wish to manifest this year, and post it in a visible location. Every time you see it, believe that it is possible," he adds. "Remember to take a moment to be thankful for everything that you already have. By doing this, you are creating a vibrational match for the financial abundance that you want to attract into your future life."

Law of Attraction page
The basic tenets of the law of attraction can be summed up as "ask, believe, receive." It's a powerful tool to use your subconscious mind to bring positive things into your life.
Owen and Brenda Cooper/Flckr/CC BY 2.0

Spiritual adviser and writer Suzanne Heyn says in an email interview that she often sees the law of attraction at work in her own life. It has helped her achieve success. "One of the best examples is with my business. I sell online spirituality courses and often do deadline-based enrollments. The times when I'm in my head and feeling doubtful about the power of my offering or my ability to realize my dreams, my sales are poor. When I stay positive and focused, sales are higher — often three or four times higher."


Criticisms of the Law of Attraction

Certainly, positive thinking is better than negative thinking. You may agree with Canfield that being a more loving person could bring more love into your life. But taken too literally, it's easy to see how the law of attraction could have an evil glint. Those people starving in a war-torn country? Flawed thinking is the root cause of their misery — their suffering is self-inflicted. Victims, you might say, carry the blame for everything bad that happens to them — whether obesity, poverty, abuse, disease or other negative events. In "The Secret," Byrne goes as far as to say, "You cannot catch anything unless you think you can."

Another criticism of the law of attraction is that it requires no action on the part of the "manifester." You don't have to work toward your goals — simply thinking positively about them is enough. In fact, trying to work toward them could be a sign that you don't trust the universe.


Skeptics add that the law of attraction is easy to explain away through confirmation bias, which is a well-known psychological phenomenon in which people tend to pay attention to details that confirm their pre-existing beliefs. In other words, people remember the times their thoughts lined up with results ("I was just thinking about you when you called!") and forget the times they don't. The LOA asks believers to pay attention only to positive thoughts and actions, something that research shows may actually make people less rational and less likely to pursue real action to change their lives.

"People tend to have more success with the LOA for smaller items for which they did not make a vision board — finding money on the street, getting a check in the mail, hearing from a long-lost friend," wrote Dr. Neil Farber in Psychology Today. "Is a belief in a law of attraction any better than rubbing a rabbit's foot, tossing a coin in the fountain, or pulling apart a wishbone? Test it yourself; the answer is no!"

However, even if the LOA is bunk, the power of positive thinking itself is a functional tool that can improve your life in tangible ways. Research shows that by looking on the brighter side and generating your own positivity, you can lower your risk of heart problems, depression, and increase your pain tolerance. But change is more likely to come when you marry positive thoughts with some kind of action.

HowStuffWorks earns a small affiliate commission when you purchase through links on our site.


Law of Attraction FAQ

What is the law of attraction?
The law of attraction states that like attracts like — positive attracts positive and negative attracts negative.
How do I use the law of attraction?
The steps to using the law of attraction are as follows: visualize what you want; believe you have already received it; thank the universe for what you already have.
How does the law of attraction work?
According to the rules of the law of attraction, an individual only attracts what they focus on. So, if you focus on positivity, then good things will happen. On the other hand, if you focus on negativity, you will experience bad circumstances.
Does the law of attraction always work?
Proponents would say "yes." Critics would say "no."
Is there any truth to the law of attraction?
There are many people who swear by the benefits of following the principles of the law of attraction. However, critics say you can't get what you want without putting some action behind your wishes. Also, if the LOA is taken literally it means that poverty, abuse, etc. are your own fault because you thought negative thoughts.