Is it 'Jury-rigged' or 'Jerry-rigged'?

By: Laurie L. Dove  | 
jury-jerry rig
If it won't stand up on its own, do you jury-rig it or jerry-rig it? Benjamin Clapp/Shutterstock

Key Takeaways

  • "Jury-rigged" refers to a clever temporary solution, whereas "jerry-rigged" refers to something that was poorly constructed in the first place.
  • "Jury-rigged" is the older of the two terms, with nautical origins in the 16th century.
  • There is not a definitive history of the term "jerry-rigged."

It's not all that difficult to mix up common sayings in the English language, which is rife with sound-alike phrases and confusing idioms. Is it "for all intents and purposes" or "for all intensive purposes"? Is it a "doggy dog world" or a "dog-eat-dog" world? (In the first case, the former is correct; in the second, it's the latter.)

When it comes to the use of the phrases "jury-rigged" or "jerry-rigged," it's easy to say them interchangeably — and you wouldn't necessarily be wrong. Both phrases have come to mean essentially the same thing, although originally "jury-rigged" referred to something that was cleverly but only temporarily repaired, while "jerry-rigged" represented an item that was hastily or poorly built from the start.


While these may seem like obvious distinctions, the phrases "jury-rigged" and "jerry-rigged" have morphed into a similar meaning over their lengthy etymological histories.

The term "jury-rigged" first caught on in the 1700s, where it was recorded in newspaper articles as a strictly nautical term. At that time, the word "jury" meant "improvised for temporary use, especially in an emergency" or "makeshift." The meaning and usage of "jury" was taken from the 1400s, when in the Middle English the word "jory" meant "improvised" and was used exclusively in reference to sailing. At the time, a "jory sail" was synonymous with an "improvised sail" that had been repaired well enough to catch the wind.

The "rigged" in "jury-rigged" is a term that also originated in the 1400s and which referred to the "rigging" of a boat. In this context, a rigging represented the ropes and chains used aboard a ship that worked the sail and supported the masts.

Taken together, the words that form "jury-rigged" — although centuries old and nautical in origin — refer to a temporary solution that repairs or replaces something. And that's not exactly what "jerry-rigged" means.

How does "jury-rigged" differ from "jerry-rigged? It isn't well understood how the term "jerry-rigged" originated, but it is believed to be a variation of "jury-rigged" that refers to something that is "jerry-built" or "cheaply or poorly built," which is an important distinction in meaning.

While "jury-rigged" refers to something that has been temporarily (and often cleverly) repaired, "jerry-rigged" refers to something that wasn't well-constructed in the first place. "Jerry-rigged," therefore, seems to be a mashup between "jury-rigged" and "jerry-built" and reference tomes ranging from The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language to Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary accept its usage as an official word of the English language.

Don't get either "jury-rigged" or "jerry-rigged" confused with a "jimmy rig," though. While a jury-rig and a jerry-rig both refer to repairs that aid an object's function, something that is "jimmy-rigged" with a temporary fix isn't likely to work at all.


Frequently Asked Questions

Are there any regional variations in the usage of "jury-rigged" and "jerry-rigged"?
Yes, one term is more prevalent or preferred in certain areas. This variation can stem from linguistic influences, historical usage or individual preferences.
What are some common misconceptions about the origins of "jury-rigged" and "jerry-rigged"?
Despite popular belief, there is no definitive connection between "jerry-rigged" and derogatory terms like "jerry-built" or "jerry-rigged" referring to poor craftsmanship. Similarly, "jury-rigged" does not have a direct association with the legal system or jury duty, as some might assume.