Why can't you say 'toy boat' three times fast?

Lots More Information

Related Articles

More Great Links


  • Baars, Bernard J., ed. "Experimental Slips and Human Error." Springer. 1992. http://books.google.com/books?id=txK_xp9yOCgC&pg=PA248&lpg=PA 248&dq=cognitive+speech+toy+boat&source=web&ots=Q-bAJ0fFk4& sig=HL53UbcYtvLYLKtoo-KjZVw8ZKM
  • Bowen, Caroline, PhD. "Tongue-tie, ankyloglossia or short fraenum." Speech Language Therapy.com. July 25, 2007. http://members.tripod.com/~Caroline_Bowen/tonguetie.html
  • Croot, Dr. Karen, et al. "Prosodic structure and tongue twister errors." Papers in Laboratory Phonology. Accepted January 2007. http://aune.lpl.univ-aix.fr/~labphon10/abstracts/46.pdf
  • Dronkers, Nina and Ogar, Jennifer. "Brain areas involved in speech production." Brain. July 2004. http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/127/7/1461
  • Gamon, David PhD. "Why tree twig twine twists tongues." Science IQ. http://www.scienceiq.com/ShowFact.cfm?ID=223
  • Gray, Audra and McCutcheon, Deborah. "Young readers' use of phonological information: Phonological awareness, memory and comprehension." Journal of Learning Disabilities. 2006 http://ldx.sagepub.com/cgi/reprint/39/4/325
  • Haber, Lyn R. and Haber, Ralph Norman. "Does slient reading involve articulation?" The American Journal of Psychology. Autumn 1982. http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0002-9556%28198223%2995%3A3%3C409 %3ADSRIAE%3E2.0.CO%3B2-9&
  • Moller, Jurn, et al. “What the brain does before the tongue slips.” Cerebral Cortex. July 10, 2006. http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/bhl028v1.pdf
  • Pechmann, Thomas and Habel, Christopher, eds. "Multidisciplinary Approaches to Language Production." Walter de Gruyter. 2004. http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=-S74nR-73OkC&oi=fnd&pg= PA431&dq=%22Boite%22+%22Morphology+in+experimental+speech+ production+research%22+&ots=o8cEQ9qGv7&sig=A-Wa_gTP3SiN c-szrHFeotp7Dhw
  • Schwartz, Alvin. "A Twister of Twists, a Tangler of Tongues." Philadelphia: J. Lippincott and Co. 1972. http://www.humancomp.org/unichtm/tongtws8.htm
  • Tamasi, Susan, PhD. Professor of Linguistics, Emory University. Personal correspondence. January 8, 2008.
  • Wilshire, Carolyn E. "The 'tongue twister' paradigm as a technique for studying phonological encoding." Language and Speech. 1999. http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/king/ls/1999/00000042/ 00000001/art00003/references;jsessionid=2a4amb7kqh22.alice