How Presidential Pardons Work

Lots More Information

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

More Great Links


  • "Andrew Johnson: Proclamation of Amnesty and Pardon for the Confederate States." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
  • "Argentina revokes general's pardon." The China Post. July 15, 2007.
  • "Basil Brashir case, document 1." Lincoln Archives.
  • "Biography of James Garfield." The White House.
  • "Biography of William Henry Harrison." The White House.
  • "Bush faces no-win pressures to pardon Cheney aide." June 29, 2007.
  • "Clinton pardons: Cast of characters." BBC. News. "February 22, 2001.
  • "Congress's power to compel." Washington Post. July 21, 2007.
  • "Constitutional topic: Presidential pardons." The U.S. Constitution Online.
  • "Executive clemency."
  • "CRS annotated Constitution." Cornell University.
  • "Federalist No 74." TheAvalon Project at Yale Law School.
  • "IPI urges for presidential pardon of Polish editor-in-chief." International Press Institute. June 28, 2007.
  • "Lt. Henry O. Flipper's quest for justice." National Archives.
  • "Lt. Henry Ossian Flipper, U.S. Army 1856-1940." U.S. Army Center of Military History.
  • "Pardon us: Systematic Presidential Pardons." Federal Sentencing Reporter. 2000-2001.
  • "President Bush's Pardons." History News Network. January 24, 2005.
  • "Presidential Character and Executive Clemency: A Re-Examination." Northern Illinois University.
  • "Presidential clemency actions by administration." Department of Justice.
  • "Presidential Pardons." University of California Berkeley. March 2001.
  • "Schick v. Reed, 419 U.S. 256 (1974)." Justia.
  • "Standards for the consideration of clemency pardons." Department of Justice.
  • "Supreme Court collection: Ex parte Grossman." Cornell University.
  • "Ten most notorious presidential pardons: Jimmy Hoffa." Time.
  • "The Constitution and impeachment." University of Missouri-Kansas City.
  • "The Marc Rich case: A Primer." Time. February 13, 2001.,8599,99302,00.html
  • "The Most Controversial Pardons Ever. Associated Content.
  • "U.S. Constitution - Article 2 Section 2." The U.S. Constitution Online.
  • "U.S. Supreme Court Schick v. Reed 419 U.S. 256 (1974).
  • "U.S. Supreme Court Ex parte Garland, 71 U.S. 333 (1866). Find Law.
  • The Handbook of Texas Online. TSHA.

More to Explore