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The archaic practice of common-law marriage still exists in a handful of states. HowStuffWorks finds out more about common-law marriage.
Author's Note: 5 Modern Parenting Tips from Freud
When people think of parenting experts, Sigmund Freud probably doesn't come to mind. But while I was researching the work of Dr. Benjamin Spock who wrote the best-selling "Baby and Child Care," first published in 1946, I learned that Freud played an enormous role in shaping the advice doled out in the popular parenting manual. In addition to Spock's pediatric work, he also dabbled in psychoanalysis in the late 1930s, and he wrote "Baby and Child Care" as a way to translate Freudian theories about psychosexual development into casual language that any parent could understand. Hence, millions of baby-boom mothers and fathers were inadvertently bringing up their babies not so much according to the beloved Dr. Spock, but the formidable Dr. Freud. With that in mind, I wanted to take a tongue-in-cheek look at what Freud might say about modern parenting in its various iterations.
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- Burton, Neel. "Totem and Taboo: The Life and Thought of Sigmund Freud." Psychology Today. April 15, 2012. (May 04, 2012) http://www.psychologytoday.com/print/92983
- Dewar, Gwen. "Is Freud in your bathroom?" BabyCenter. April 15, 2011. (May 04, 2012) http://blogs.babycenter.com/mom_stories/is-freud-in-your-bathroom/
- Erwin, Edward. "The Freud Encyclopedia: Theory, Therapy and Culture." Taylor & Francis. 2002. (May 04, 2012) http://books.google.com/books?id=rX2w6QELtKgC&dq=toilet+training+freud&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Firestone, Allie. "Are Oral Fixations Cause for Concern?" Divine Caroline. (May 04, 2012) http://www.divinecaroline.com/22111/81600-oral-fixations-cause-concern/2
- Koops, Willem and Zuckerman, Michael. "Beyond the Century of the Child: Cultural History and Developmental Psychology. University of Pennsylvania Press. 2003. (May 04, 2012) http://books.google.com/books?id=wJhgKrunRboC&dq=freud+child+discipline&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- La Leche League International. "A Brief History of La Leche League." July 2003. (May 04, 2012) http://www.llli.org/lllihistory.html
- Mander, Gertrude. "Fatherhood Today: Variations on a Theme." Psychodynamic Counseling. 2001.
- Oswalt, Angela. "Sigmund Freud and Child Development." Child & Adolescent Development: An Overview. Gulf Bend Center. (May 04, 2012)
- PBS. "Young Dr. Freud. Family: Parenthood." 2002. (May 04, 2012) http://www.pbs.org/youngdrfreud/pages/family_parenthood.htm
- Parke, Ross D. "Fatherhood." Harvard University Press. May 01, 1996. (May 04, 2012) http://books.google.com/books?id=cjyq-1C6RIkC&dq=freud+fatherhood&source=gbs_navlinks_s
- Sullivan, James. "Dr. Freud and Dr. Spock." Library Associates. Syracuse University. 1995. (May 04, 2012)
- Thornton, Stephen P. "Freud, Sigmund." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Updated Dec. 29, 2010. (May 04, 2012) http://www.iep.utm.edu/freud/#H4