Against All Odds, the College
In the Constitutional Convention, delegates had to vote 60 times before the Electoral College system passed (the other possibilities on the table were legislative decision and popular vote). Its proponents felt it smarter, since they objected to national campaigning, to have the people elect experts who were very knowledgeable about the candidates, and then have those experts elect the president.
Since the Constitution's ratification in 1788, there have been 500 propositions to eliminate the Electoral College system. To this day, it remains.
For better or worse, the United States still runs according to the trail-blazing, four-page document created in 1787. Some believe it should run exactly as that document says; others see the Constitution as more of a guiding framework. But very few think it should be thrown out altogether, and considering how long ago the document was drafted and the social and political changes that have come about since the 18th century, that's about as dramatic an endorsement of a government structure as one can hope for.
For more information on the U.S. Constitution and related topics, look over the links below.
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More Great Links
- 10 Fast Facts on the Constitution. National Constitution Center. (Sept. 7, 2011) http://constitutioncenter.org/ncc_progs_10_Fast_Facts_on_the_Constitution.aspx
- The Electoral College. Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://uselectionatlas.org/INFORMATION/INFORMATION/electcollege_history.php
- Fascinating Facts about the U.S. Constitution. Constitution Facts. (Sept. 7, 2011) http://www.constitutionfacts.com/?section=constitution&page=fascinatingFacts.cfm
- Is the United States a democracy? This Nation. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://thisnation.com/question/011.html
- Lloyd, Gordon. "Introduction to the Constitutional Convention." Teaching American History. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://teachingamericanhistory.org/convention/intro.html
- The Revolutionary Era: 1763-1790. State of Rhode Island General Assembly. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://www.rilin.state.ri.us/rhodeislandhistory/chapt3.html
- Teaching With Documents: The Ratification of the Constitution. National Archives. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/constitution-day/ratification.html
- The United States Constitution isn't perfect – grammatically speaking. Did you know? The Complete Idiot's Guide. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://idiotsguides.com/static/didyouknow/unitedstateshistory/04_12_11_constitution_grammar.html
- The U.S. Constitution: "I Smelt a Rat." Historical Scene Investigation. The College of William & Mary. (Sept. 9, 2011) http://web.wm.edu/hsi/cases/constitution/constitution_student.html
Executive orders are directives from the president without input from the legislative or judiciary branches of government. HowStuffWorks explains.