Like HowStuffWorks on Facebook!

How Shrunken Heads Work

Lots More Information

Related Articles


  • Anthony, H.E. "Over trail and through jungle in Ecuador." National Geographic. October 1921.
  • Aufderheide, Arthur C. "The scientific study of mummies." Pp. 93-96. Cambridge University Press. 2003.
  • Buxton, John. "Was there head-shrinking in Fiji?" PBS. April 6, 2009.
  • Coughlan, Sean. "Museum offered head for shrinking." BBC. May 22, 2007.
  • Harner, Michael J. "The Jivaro: people of the sacred waterfalls." Berkeley: University of California Press. 1984.
  • Jandial, R., et al. "The science of shrinking human heads: tribal warfare and revenge among the South American Jivaro-Shuar." Neurosurgery. September 2005.
  • McGuiness, Dr. Tim. "The shrunken head cookbook." McGuiness Publishing. Accessed April 22, 2011.
  • National Geographic. "Rare headshrinking footage confirmed?" November 13, 2009.
  • Rubenstein, Steven Lee. "Circulation, accumulation and the power of Shuar shrunken heads." Cultural Anthropology. August 2007.
  • Sugar, Oscar MD. "Head shrinking." Journal of the American Medical Association. April 5, 1971.

More to Explore