Sheriff, in the United States, a public official, usually elected, who is in charge of law enforcement in a county (or parish). A sheriffs principal duties are to enforce the law and to carry out decisions of the county court. A sheriff serves legal papers, summons jurors for the county court, and maintains the county jail. One or more deputy sheriffs may be appointed, and other persons may be deputized when needed. The office originated in England in about the ninth century. A sheriff was the king's overseer in a shire, the old term for county.
The word "justice" appears in many of the United States' most important documents, including the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. But for a word that's used so often, its precise definition is still a topic of debate.
A hostage situation places innocent civilians directly in harm's way, and armed intervention places the hostages at even greater risk. Learn how a skilled negotiator uses psychology, instinct and deception to achieve a peaceful end.