Misrepresentation, in law, a false statement or misleading act that deceives another person in a transaction or contract. When the misrepresentation is deliberate it is a fraud. If a person suffers loss because of deliberate misrepresentation, he or she may bring suit for damages. When the misrepresentation is unwitting and innocent there is no fraud. Common law gives no relief in cases of innocent misrepresentation. Some states, however, have statutes covering certain types of innocent misrepresentation, permitting the contracts to be rescinded or damages to be granted.
If you need an analogy for PRISM, one apt comparison would be to HBO's show "The Wire." Just swap "U.S. government" for Baltimore police, "Internet data" for phone wiretaps, and name the target as "really anyone" instead of drug traffickers. Got it?
You probably hear about lawsuits a lot -- neighbors suing neighbors over an overgrown tree, customers suing grocery stores over spilt milk, employees suing employers over unlawful termination. Whatï¿½s involved in taking someone to court? Find out all about lawsuits and see how a civil case unfolds.