Hostage, a person held in captivity to assure that an agreement is observed or to coerce another party into taking (or not taking) some action. Countries in ancient and medieval times sometimes exchanged hostages, often persons of high rank, who could be put to death if certain agreements were broken. Invading armies often take hostages of local citizens to discourage resistance to their occupation. Terrorists sometimes seize hostages both to force concessions from governments and to gain publicity for their cause.
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In Nov. 2012, voters in Colorado and Washington state voted to legalize marijuana, even though use of the drug is illegal under federal law. How will this be resolved and what's happened in previous cases with these kinds of contradictions?
It's a pretty straightforward question with an obvious answer, right? Well, yes, until you start peering at both federal and state laws. That's when things start to get interesting.