Extenuating Circumstances, in law, facts that may be presented to a court to lighten the penalty placed on a person convicted of a crime. The previous good character of the convicted person is often presented as grounds for leniency. Other extenuating circumstances are youthfulness; mental deficiency or disease affecting a person's ability to know right and wrong; and unfavorable home and community environment.
In their own vision of themselves, Yakuza descend from Robin-Hood-like characters who defended villages from bandits. Today, they operate as a collection of criminal gangs.
Ever wonder why you've been called for jury duty four times while your friend has never got a summons? Are you on some secret list of the "ready and available"? We'll give you the scoop.