Cornell University, a coeducational institution of higher learning at Ithaca, New York. Although privately controlled, Cornell is a land-grant institution and administers four state-supported colleges, all branches of the State University of New York. They are the colleges of agriculture and life sciences, human ecology, veterinary medicine, and industrial and labor relations. Also on the Ithaca campus are colleges of architecture, art, and planning; arts and sciences; and engineering. In addition, there are schools of law and of hotel administration; a graduate school; and the Samuel C. Johnson Graduate School of Management.
A medical college and a graduate school of medical sciences are in New York City. The state agricultural experiment station, a unit of the university, is in Geneva. Cornell also operates more than 25 research centers and 7 national laboratories, among them the Arecibo Ionospheric Observatory in Puerto Rico, a radio astronomy facility of the National Science Foundation.
Located on the Ithaca campus are the Laboratory of Nuclear Science, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, and Cornell Plantations, an arboretum.
The university was founded in 1865 when Ezra Cornell donated $500,000 and 200 acres (81 hectares) of land at Ithaca. The state contributed income from 990,000 acres (400,000 hectares) under the federal Land-Grant Act. Hiram Sibley, Henry W. Sage, and John McGraw were other large donors. Andrew D. White was the university's first president, 1868–85.